eDiscovery is an essential tool for collecting, preserving, and producing electronically stored information (ESI). It is used in a variety of legal activities, from pre-trial memorandum preparation to jury instruction and more. eDiscovery is cost-effective, simplifies the discovery process, improves security, aids in compliance, and helps attorneys to quickly identify relevant facts in order to make informed decisions. eDiscovery is a powerful tool that can help individuals and businesses save time and money, as well as deliver positive results in legal proceedings. In order to facilitate eDiscovery, organizations must have the proper cybersecurity tracking and controls in place to govern access to private file and email data communications.


Understanding the eDiscovery process, best practices, and types of eDiscovery is crucial. Early Case Assessment, Data Collection, Document Processing, Document Review, and Data Analysis are all types of eDiscovery that can be used in various legal proceedings. In this article, we delve further into what eDiscovery is and what it means to you.

What Is eDiscovery?

eDiscovery, also known as electronic discovery, is the process of collecting, preserving, and producing electronically stored information (ESI) in anticipation of, or in response to, litigation or regulatory inquiries. eDiscovery is an important tool for businesses, as it is a way to protect original documents and maintain accurate records. In the event of litigation, eDiscovery helps corporations to quickly find and produce legally relevant documents in a reliable manner.

eDiscovery requires the use of specialized software to access, review, and organize large collections of documents such as emails, text messages, and other electronic media. The software helps organizations to identify relevant documents within the data pool, based on keywords, author, date/time, sender, or other specified criteria. The review process can also be customized and automated to eliminate human review for low-risk documents.

Through eDiscovery, organizations can easily locate and secure evidence that was previously difficult to obtain from the physical world. This evidence can be used in court or mediation proceedings to support a variety of legal activities, such as pre-trial memorandum and jury instruction preparation. Finally, eDiscovery helps organizations to increase efficiency and cost savings by avoiding manual review and expediting the process of locating and producing relevant documents.

Why Is eDiscovery Important?

eDiscovery can be a powerful tool for organizations. It provides a more efficient process for collecting and reviewing large amounts of digital data, allowing organizations to quickly and accurately identify relevant information. This increased efficiency helps organizations save time and money, as well as get to the heart of the matter faster.

1. eDiscovery Is Cost-effective

Electronic documents are much easier to produce, access, store, and manage than their paper counterparts. This reduces the cost of document production and storage, as well as the amount of time spent manually searching for documents. Additionally, eDiscovery tools can automate the entire process, allowing lawyers to find relevant documents quickly and efficiently.

2. eDiscovery Simplifies the Discovery Process

It enables lawyers to search through large volumes of data, quickly identify key documents, and organize them into easily accessible categories and folders. This makes it simpler for lawyers to analyze the data and prepare their case.

3. eDiscovery Makes Information More Secure

By using eDiscovery processes, information is collected and stored in a secure electronic environment, thus reducing the risk of sensitive material being leaked or accessed by unauthorized individuals. In addition, electronic documents are more difficult to forge and easier to authenticate, as they include proof that they have not been tampered with.

4. eDiscovery Aids Compliance

By utilizing eDiscovery processes, organizations can ensure that all relevant documents are produced and that all documents are compliant with governmental regulations. This helps to avoid costly litigation, fines, or sanctions from governmental organizations.

5. eDiscovery Can Help Attorneys to Determine Relevant Facts More Quickly

The ability to search through copious amounts of data quickly can help attorneys find and present relevant information quickly and accurately. This can aid in the settlement process, as well as in the overall outcome of the case.

eDiscovery offers many benefits to individuals, businesses, and the legal system. These benefits include cost savings, simplification of the discovery process, improved security, compliance, and faster determination of relevant facts. As the use of eDiscovery becomes more widespread, the legal system and individuals alike will reap the rewards.


eDiscovery Process: Step-by-Step Guide

The eDiscovery process can be a complicated one, but with the right tools, it can be managed more easily. Here’s a step-by-step overview of the eDiscovery process:

1. Identification

The eDiscovery process begins with identifying electronic data that may be relevant to the legal case. This could include emails, documents, databases, computer files, audio or video files, and digital images, which all must be identified and collected.

2. Preservation

In order to ensure that the data is securely stored and protected from being altered or deleted, organizations must use relevant tools and procedures to preserve the data.

3. Collection

Organizations must identify the sources of the data and how it is stored, and then decide the most efficient, cost-effective, and compliant way to collect it. This could include collecting data from emails, databases, and other sources.

4. Analysis

Once the data is collected, it requires analysis to determine what information is relevant and what is not. This could include reviewing documents and other data, searching for keywords, and looking for patterns.

5. Review

After the analysis, a review is necessary to make an informed decision about the relevance of the data. This includes evaluating the data, making judgments about its accuracy, and making recommendations about how to proceed.

6. Production

Once the review is complete, the relevant documents and other data must be produced to the appropriate parties. The data must be organized and packaged in a way that is easy to understand and present.

7. Testimony

After the data is produced, it must be used to provide testimony in legal proceedings. This includes helping to explain the relevance of the data, providing supporting evidence for arguments, and helping the court to make a decision.

Types of eDiscovery

The types of eDiscovery can be broken down into three main categories:


Identification involves identifying the ESI that is relevant to a particular case. This includes understanding where the data is located, who has access to it, and what formats it is stored in.


Preservation is the process of ensuring that the ESI is not modified, deleted, or otherwise manipulated in any way once it has been identified. It is important to ensure that all relevant information is preserved throughout the eDiscovery process.


Collection is the process of gathering, validating, and processing the data in a format that can be used in legal proceedings.

Determining the Type of eDiscovery

The type of eDiscovery that is used will depend on the size and complexity of the case, and the needs of the parties involved. Litigation eDiscovery is used when litigation is anticipated, and involves the identification, preservation, and collection of ESI that may be relevant to a potential legal dispute. Regulatory eDiscovery is used for investigations related to regulatory compliance, and involves searching for ESI that may be relevant to a particular regulatory issue. Internal eDiscovery is used during internal investigations and audit processes. Proactive eDiscovery is used to identify and collect data that may be relevant to a particular case, even before litigation has been initiated.

1. Early Case Assessment (ECA)

Early case assessment (ECA) is used to review ESI such as emails and files in order to gain a better initial understanding of the matter. This helps attorneys to determine the scope and strategies of the case, as well as identify and prioritize key documents or evidence related to specific matters.

2. Data Collection

Data collection involves the collection of ESI, typically from external sources such as emails, servers, online sources, cloud-based applications, and more. Data collection includes the extraction, preservation, and copying of the information, which is then generally uploaded to a secure database. This allows an attorney to quickly and efficiently access the data, which helps speed up the process of obtaining data for analysis.

3. Document Processing

Document processing involves extracting, indexing, and organizing ESI into an easily searchable database, so that pertinent information can be easily found, searched, and analyzed. Document processing can involve all types of ESI, including emails, spreadsheets, documents, and more.

4. Document Review

Document review includes the review and analysis of documents to determine relevance and privilege. Data is typically reviewed manually, with varying levels of review depending on the analysis required. Document review services are typically provided by outside vendors, depending on the size and complexity of the matter.

5. Data Analysis

Data analysis involves the use of analytics and search tools to identify patterns and trends, as well as determine relevance and privilege. This process is often used to identify key documents or evidence that can be used for the case. Data analysis can help to uncover potential tie-ins between different types of ESI, which can then be used to build a strong legal case.

eDiscovery Best Practices

eDiscovery is an invaluable tool for attorneys who are working on litigation or other legal matters. eDiscovery can help to uncover key documents and evidence, as well as provide insight into potential trends and correlations. Utilizing the right type of eDiscovery services can significantly reduce the amount of time and money spent on litigation, making it an important tool for any legal professional.

There are a number of best practices that organizations should follow when using eDiscovery software. These include:

1. Knowing Your Data

Organizations should take the time to understand the different types of data they store, what format it is in, where it is stored, and who has access to it. They should also be aware of any relevant laws or regulations that could affect the data’s collection and storage.

2. Creating an eDiscovery Plan

Organizations should create an eDiscovery plan that outlines their goals and objectives for the data collection process, including deadlines, budget, and resources needed. As part of this plan, they should also assign personnel responsible for maintaining the integrity of the data. This plan should be regularly monitored to ensure that data is collected, preserved, and analyzed in an efficient and timely manner.

3. Utilizing Automation

Automation can help streamline the eDiscovery process. Organizations should consider using automated eDiscovery software to quickly and accurately review large amounts of data. This software should be regularly updated to ensure optimal performance.

4. Secure Storage

Organizations should ensure that their data is secure in transit and at rest. This encompasses sensitive content communications and governance tracking and controls. Cybersecurity technologies and policies must be in place to mitigate the potential risk posed by cyberattacks and malicious internal threat actors.

5. Quality Control

Organizations should regularly review the accuracy and quality of their data to ensure its validity. They should also conduct regular audits to ensure that the data is being collected, stored, and accessed in accordance with their eDiscovery plan.

Kiteworks’ Strategic Partnership With Bluesource

eDiscovery is increasingly important in today’s digital world. Organizations of all sizes should ensure they are properly utilizing eDiscovery solutions to quickly and accurately review and analyze digital data.

Kiteworks, in partnership with Bluesource, offers an integrated encrypted email eDiscovery solution that enables organizations to securely access, manage, and archive emails that are hosted in any internal or cloud-hosted email systems. The solution includes a specialized forensic gateway, advanced legal hold and workflow capabilities, and legal review functionality. The encrypted email eDiscovery solution helps organizations to save time and money by leveraging existing IT investments in email systems and automatically collecting emails in a secure and compliant manner.

Kiteworks, in concert with Bluesource, ensures that emails can be identified, tagged, sorted, and accessed easily and quickly, even when they are located in multiple systems. With advanced search capabilities, organizations can find emails quickly, while automatic legal holds and workflow make sure all emails are collected, secured, and managed in a compliant fashion.


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